Plastic surgery in the United States has exploded in recent years.
It’s now the second largest market for cosmetic surgery after beauty parlours, and it has taken over the nation.
But for some patients, plastic surgery has been a cruel, dehumanising and sometimes fatal punishment.
This is what I’m talking about, says Dr Kavita Bhansali, author of The New Plastic Surgery: The Story of Plastic Surgery, in a new video.
Bhansali is the founder and president of the Indian Cosmetic Institute (ICCI), an organisation that promotes the ethical use of surgery in India.
She speaks to Al Jazeera about the history of plastic surgery in her country, the latest advances in plastic surgery and the potential of technology to help patients.
“It’s the story of a disease that is very common in India and it’s the most important story in the world,” Bhansal says.
“It’s also the story that I’m a part of.”
India has one of the highest rates of plastic surgeries in the developed world, with the country estimated to have the highest number of surgeries for cosmetic reasons among the developing world.
And plastic surgery is often used as a form of punishment in India, which is home to more than a billion people.
In fact, India is one of only two countries in the global South where plastic surgery remains illegal.
Bricks are the most common form of surgery used to remove skin and skin tissues, which are then used to make new skin.
A common form, the suction-based suction surgery, is the most widely practised, according to Bhansalis, and involves filling the suctions of two different surfaces with a soft, saline solution and then gently applying it to the surface of the body.
It is commonly performed in India’s crowded hospitals, which can be hard to navigate.
Dr Kavitala Bhansaling, founder and President of Indian Cosmetic Intl.
Institute, speaks to CNN India’s Anuja Rangani about plastic surgery.
Anuja talks to BHANSAL about how surgery in a country that’s seen more than 2,500 deaths related to plastic surgery per year is the result of a very complex situation.
She talks about the importance of making a transition to a healthier lifestyle, how the technology will make this possible and how to treat this disease.
“The beauty industry has come a long way in the last five years,” she says.
“But there is a lot of work to be done to bring this industry back to where it belongs.”
In India, plastic surgeries are a way of life and a way to make a living.
Plastic surgeons have a good reputation, with more than half of India’s plastic surgeons working in the country, according the ICCI.
“Most of them are women, but there are also a few men and men of color,” says Dr Bhansi.
Bharti is a pioneer in the field of plastic and reconstructive surgery, which was invented by Indian doctor and surgeon, Suraj Sharma, in the late 1980s.
Sharma was an early pioneer in reconstructive plastic surgery procedures, which included a skin graft, a reconstruction of a broken toe, and an eye implant.
“He was a pioneer,” says Bhanshi.
“And so is he.”
Sharma pioneered a technique that uses thin layers of plastic to form a kind of glue to hold the tissue together.
“This technique, known as ‘Gum-Gash’ is used for the reconstruction of various parts of the face, including eyelashes, eyebrows and eyelashes,” says the ICICI.
“Gum Gash has been around for some time, but it was never used for reconstructive operations,” says Bhatti.
“Nowadays, this technique has been perfected for plastic surgery.”
This technique is not new to India, but Sharma pioneered it with his patients.
“There are two kinds of people who use this technique.
One kind uses the glue and the other kind uses it to create a seal to hold a part together,” says Sharma.
“In this case, the glue is made of polyvinyl chloride, or PVC.”
Bhartu, Sharma, and the rest of the team at ICCI have made this glue the go-to method for the creation of cosmetic prosthetics in India since the 1980s, when Sharma started his practice.
“When the technique of Gum Gash was developed in the 1970s, the doctors could not afford to make prosthetics,” says Pratibha Kaur, an expert in plastic and orthopedic surgery at the Indian Medical College of Surgeons (IMC).
“Today, prosthetics are very cheap, available at any shop in the city and can be bought online.
So, the prosthetics have become so popular, especially in the age of smartphones.”
The first prosthetics made in India are the ones that are made of rubber, with plastic